Periodic inspection of vehicles
- Category A
- Category B
- Category C
- Category D
- Category M
- Tm and Tb categories
- Other types of vehicles and trailers
- Water transport
- Let's sum up
Inspection (TO) is an obligatory procedure for checking the technical condition of a vehicle (TS), without passing which a car cannot be insured under MTPL.
According to the results of the inspection, a diagnostic card is issued with a specific validity period.
This means that the next vehicle inspection must be carried out before a certain date.
For each category of vehicles, the time for passing the inspection is individual. Moreover, it also differs for vehicles belonging to the same category.
Several factors affect the frequency of vehicle inspection , such as:
- age of the vehicle;
- car belonging to any category;
- purpose of the vehicle (for cargo or passenger traffic).
There are several options for classifying the CU, for example, the classifier of the Inland Transport Committee of the Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE ITC).
However, the generally accepted and most convenient is the one that is reflected on the back of the driver's license.
Consider each of the categories in terms of the frequency of inspection.
This category includes:
- all existing types of motorcycles;
- any four-wheeled vehicle weighing up to 400 kg (hereinafter, the maximum weight is indicated in full equipment);
- low-power motorcycles with an engine capacity of not more than 125 cubic meters. cm and a maximum power of not more than 11 kW (subcategory A1).
How often it is necessary to pass the inspection of motorcycles and quad bikes, depending on the age of the vehicle:
- 0-3 years - not subject to technical inspection;
- 3-7 years - MOT every 2 years;
- From 7 years - THAT annually.
We note a significant nuance concerning all vehicles without exception: the age reading for vehicle inspection starts from the moment the vehicle is manufactured, and not from the beginning of operation.
In fact, this means that if the vehicle left the assembly line in 2010, then the owner will have to undergo maintenance in 2013, regardless of when he acquired it.
This category is the most common by the number of vehicles and includes:
- Vehicle weighing less than 3.5 tons and no more than 8 seats (hereinafter, the number of seats is indicated with the exception of the driver’s one);
- Vehicle weighing less than 3.5 tons and no more than 8 seats with a trailer weighing not more than 750 kg;
- The vehicle is less than 3.5 tons and the number of seats is not more than 8 with a trailer weighing more than 750 kg (subcategory BE);
- ATVs and tricycles (subcategory B1).
The frequency of passing vehicle inspection category B is also dependent on age:
- 0-3 years - not subject to maintenance;
- 3-7 years - inspection every 2 years;
- from 7 years - THAT annually.
Do you want to know, what documents are required for passing inspection ?
Or read HERE why you need to pass inspection, when the penalty for his absence was canceled.
This is a category that includes various trucks:
- cargo vehicles weighing over 3.5 tons;
- trucks with a trailer weighing not more than 750 kg (subcategory CE);
- cargo vehicles weighing from 3.5 to 7 tons (subcategory C1);
- cargo vehicles weighing from 3.5 to 7 tons with a trailer weighing no more than 750 kg (subcategory C1E).
Vehicle category C must undergo inspection every year.
This category includes vehicles intended for passenger transport, including:
- passenger vehicles with more than 8 seats;
- passenger vehicles with the number of seats no more than 8 and a trailer weighing no more than 750 kg;
- passenger vehicles with the number of seats from 8 to 16 and a trailer weighing no more than 750 kg;
- passenger vehicles with no more than 8 seats and a trailer weighing more than 750 kg (subcategory DE);
- passenger vehicles with the number of seats from 8 to 16 (subcategory D1);
- passenger vehicles with the number of seats from 8 to 16 and a trailer weighing more than 750 kg (subcategory D1E).
Vehicle category D must undergo maintenance at least 1 time in 6 months.
This category of vehicles includes:
- ATVs with a maximum engine capacity of not more than 50 cu. cm.
Vehicles belonging to category M must undergo maintenance with the same frequency as vehicles of categories A and B.
Tm and Tb categories
The Tm category is the right to drive a tram, and the Tb category is a trolleybus.
According to the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, urban ground-based electric transport must undergo maintenance with the following frequency :
- Passenger transport vehicles - every 6 months;
- TC, carrying out shipping - every 12 months.
Other types of vehicles and trailers
Certain types of vehicles do not belong to any category, however, passing of maintenance for them is also mandatory:
- tractors - annually;
- self-propelled construction equipment - annually;
- equipment for seasonal work - before the start of operation.
In addition, the law stipulates the mandatory MOT for trailers.
Individuals owning trailers weighing up to 3.5 tons are exempt from passing TO.
The frequency of maintenance for trailers belonging to legal entities is the same as for vehicles of categories A, B and M.
It should be noted that some vehicles undergo maintenance with a specially established frequency.
Special conditions apply to:
- passenger taxi - every 6 months;
- Vehicles for the transport of dangerous goods - every 6 months;
- Vehicles equipped with light and sound special signals - every 12 months;
- TS for driving instruction - every 12 months.
Especially it is necessary to say about the water vehicle. THAT must pass all small vessels with a frequency of 1 time in 5 years.
Exceptions are those vessels that:
- are part of another vessel (boat);
- have a mass of less than 200 kg and an engine (if installed) with a capacity of not more than 8 kW;
- sports sailing vessels less than 9 meters long, without engines and equipped places for recreation.
Want to know how it happens registration of a technical inspection certificate ?
Or read HERE about carrier liability insurance.
And in this article you will learn why you need an extended CTP policy: //auto/osago/rasshirennoe.html
Let's sum up
To find out how often a certain car needs to be inspected, the following quick reference guide will help.
Not subject to MOT:
- any motorcycles, mopeds, ATVs, cars (also with a trailer), cargo and passenger minibuses (also with a trailer) under 3 years old;
- trailers owned by individuals.
THEN every 6 months:
- TS for passenger traffic with more than 8 seats;
- trams and trolley buses;
- passenger taxis;
- TC for the transport of dangerous goods.
- any motorcycles, mopeds, ATVs, cars (also with a trailer), cargo and passenger minibuses (also with a trailer), trailers belonging to legal entities - all over 7 years old;
- cargo vehicles (also with a trailer) weighing more than 3.5 tons;
- urban electric transport for freight;
- tractors and construction equipment;
- TS with special signals;
- training vehicle.
THAT every 2 years:
- any motorcycles, mopeds, ATVs, cars (also with a trailer), cargo and passenger minibuses (also with a trailer), trailers belonging to legal entities, aged from 3 to 7 years.
THEN every 5 years:
- water vehicles (small vessels).